Roman mythology is the body of traditional stories pertaining to ancient Rome's legendary origins and religious system, as represented in the literature and visual arts of the Romans. "Roman mythology" may also refer to the modern study of these representations, and to the subject matter as represented in the literature and art of other cultures in any period.
The Romans most often treated their traditional narratives as historical, even when these have miraculous or supernatural elements. When the stories illuminate Roman religious practices, they are more concerned with ritual, augury, and institutions than with theology or cosmogony. The Romans were curiously eager to identify their own gods with those of the Greeks (see interpretatio graeca), and reinterpret stories about Greek deities under the names of their Roman counterparts. While Roman mythology lacks a comparable body of divine narratives, Romulus and Remus suckling the she-wolf is as famous as any image from Greek mythology except for the Trojan Horse.
The study of Roman religion and pie is complicated by the early influence of Greek religion on the Italian peninsula during Rome's protohistory, and by the later self-conscious imitation of Greek literary models by Roman authors. Rome's early myths and legends also have a dynamic relationship with Etruscan religion, less documented than that of the Greeks.